Monthly Archives: April 2016

Ninth Circuit Clarifies Punitive Damages Standard in § 1983 Action

April 2016 | Category: Significant Cases

In Castro v. County of Los Angeles, 785 F.3d 336 (9th Cir. 2015), the Ninth Circuit held that the deliberate-indifference standard for constitutional violations and the reckless-indifference standard for punitive damages in § 1983 cases are synonymous. Thus, juries “have the discretion to impose punitive damages if they believe further punishment […]

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